It contains a modified Ritchey-Chretien system with a primary mirror made of ULE ceramic which is designed to withstand … NASA's premier X-ray observatory was named the Chandra X-ray Observatory in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel laureate, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar ( pronounced: su/bra/mon'/yon chandra/say/kar ). Because X-rays are absorbed by Earth's atmosphere, Chandra must orbit above it, up to an altitude of 139,000 km … In 1983 the telescope was named after Edwin Hubble, who confirmed one of the … It's been 20 years since NASA's Chandra X-Ray Observatory launched to give us the sharpest-ever view of X-rays — and the telescope is still working at the frontier of science, the agency said. MACE Telescope. You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter. Chandra is named after the Indian physicist Chandrasekhar, who is famous for his theoretical work on black holes, neutron stars, and white dwarf stars. The Chandra X-ray Observatory is managed and operated by SAO from Cambridge. Also, it is the second largest gamma ray telescope in the world. (High-res pic available, credit: NASA)Webb's record of support for s… If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. The telescope is named after the Nobel Prize-winning Indian-American astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The Hubble Space Telescope took this image of a dying star named "NGC 6369" on Nov. 7, 2002. It contains a modified Ritchey-Chretien system with a primary mirror made of ULE ceramic which is designed to withstand low temperatures it experiences. Historian Arthur I. Miller writes that Chandra never recovered from the depression that followed, which he felt was due in part to racism. ESA later resurrected a downsized version of the project as the Advanced Telescope for High Energy Astrophysics (ATHENA), with a proposed launch in 2028. It is named after India-born Nobel laureate Subrahmanyam Chandrasekhar . Chandra X-Ray Observatory The Chandra X-Ray Observatory was named after the Indian astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910-95). AXAF was assembled and tested by TRW (now Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems) in Redondo Beach, California. The telescope is named after the Nobel Prize-winning Indian-American astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. Congress eventually approved funding of US$36,000,000 for 1978, and the design of the LST began in earnest, aiming for a launch date of 1983. The contest winners, Jatila van der Veen and Tyrel Johnson (then a high school teacher and high school student, respectively), suggested the name in honor of Nobel Prize–winning Indian-American astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. Costing $617 million, the CGRO was part of NASA's "Great Observatories" series, along with the Hubble Space Telescope, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, and the Spitzer Space Telescope. The Observatory was deployed by Columbia and then boosted into a high Earth orbit by the satellite's propulsion system. It contains a modified Ritchey-Chretien system with a primary mirror made of ULE ceramic which is designed to withstand low … A Global Angle to the Farmer Protests | UPSC, Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 30th Dec 2020, Rethinking Waste Management : North East India | UPSC, Digital Ocean-Ocean Data Management | UPSC, Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 29th Dec 2020, Dealing with India’s two-front challenge | UPSC. The Chandra is designed to study sources of X rays, including stars, exploding stars called supernovae, and matter falling into black holes. The telescope was manufactured by Electo-Optical System Technologies Inc. at Tucson, Arizona, USA. The Chandra X-ray Observatory was launched and deployed by Space Shuttle Columbia on 23 July 1999. A blog about 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th Maharashtra, Tamilnadu, CBSE Board. Gamma ray program :-Ministry of Science & Technology, stellar explosions, comets, asteroids, and exo-planets, Centre for Research & Education in Science & Technology, https://insa.nic.in/writereaddata/UpLoadedFiles/PINSA/Vol80_2014_4_Art08.pdf, It is named after India-born Nobel laureate, The area of research covers a wide range of topics, from, This allows Himalayan Chandra Telescope operation even in. It contains a modified Ritchey-Chretien system with a primary mirror made of ULE ceramic which is designed to withstand low temperatures it … In addition to the stellar halo, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, XMM-Newton, and Suzaku have provided evidence that there is a gaseous halo with a large amount of hot gas. HCT has provided data that has been used in the Ph.D. of 40 students. Its mission is similar to that of ESA's XMM-Newton spacecraft, also launched in 1999 but the two telescopes have different design foci; Chandra has much higher angular resolution. The Chandra X-ray Observatory was named in honor of the late Nobel laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The telescope is named after Indian-American astrophysicist and Nobel laureate Subramaniam Chandrashekhar, also known as “Chandra”. He also prefer to be called Chandra. New X-ray observations by the Chandra X-ray Observatory show three distinct structures: an outer, horseshoe-shaped ring about 2 light years in diameter, a hot inner core about 3 light-months in diameter, and a hot central source less than 1 light-month in diameter which may contain the superstar that drives the whole show. While Webb is best known for leading Apollo and a series of lunar exploration programs that landed the first humans on the Moon, he also initiated a vigorous space science program, … The Chandra, which is named after Nobel prize winner Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, orbits up to 200 times higher above Earth than the Hubble—about a third of the distance to the moon! It allows astronomers to view x-ray images and spectra of black holes. The Himalayan Chandra Telescope is a 2.01 meters (6.5 feet) diameter optical-infrared telescope. Currently, 36 students are pursuing Ph.D. degree, are collecting data with the HCT. Keck Observatory and Japan's Subaru Telescope. Was assembled and tested by TRW ( now Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems in... Scientist Pavel Cerenkov black hole detecting telescope 23 July 1999 HCT is a 2.01 meters ( 6.5 feet diameter! Touch with you and to provide updates and marketing, asteroids, exo-planets. 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