Pokeweed is very pretty, but toxicity is low. Specializing in articles for the New Goat Owner with understanding of goat physiology, goat anatomy,goat care and herd management. A goat that is off feed unless it is a doe getting ready to kid is almost always a sick animal. My Dad has cattle but the good and bad thing about cows is they are lazy grazers, they only want soft green grass so they are less likely to eat something that will make them sick. In plants, pokeweed grows really long up to 10 feet tall. Dairy Goat Info - Your Online Dairy Goat Resource and Community. Pokeweed can cause nausea, vomiting, cramping, stomach pain, diarrhea, low blood pressure, difficulty controlling urination (incontinence), thirst, and other serious side effects. Looking at where they were in pasture in a corner a lot of gnawed pokeweed that triggered memory of childhood on the farm with folks telling us kids about it being poison. P.S. DANGEROUS PARTS OF PLANT: I've seen pokeweed all my life, but didn't know it was poisonous. Rarely: anemia, possibly death. ALSO KNOWN AS: . Despite this, the plant is eaten as a spring vegetable in the southern U.S. after cooking it first in several changes of water. Molly will only eat the young tender leaves if she is in the mood. Some important things to remember about pokeweed are that all parts of this plant are poisonous to both humans and livestock. Goats will eat almost anything, but you must guard against your goats eating poisonous plants. Personally, I think I will stick with spinach, thank you very much. I also noticed it has something to do with breeds too. Exercise caution when doing so, since the plant is toxic to humans as well. When you have livestock be prepared for people and even some vets to tell you that your animals won’t eat poisonous plants unless they are starving. The young leaves and shoots are edible, so long as you pick them while they are small – plants less than 8 or so inches tall – and you boil them twice, changing the water each time. http://www.scib.gc.ca/pls/pp/ppack.info?p_psn=12&p_type=all&p_sci=sci&p_x=px It was the only one that said anything at all about chickens. For humans, even handling the plant is considered dangerous, so it would seem wise to not only prevent human contact with the plant, but animal contact as well. Most of my goats have loved my english ivy growing all over my house and back retaining wall. You may wash a goat to show or sell it. It says they are not affected but turkeys might be. Goats do not need to be washed often, but when they get really dirty, they may be due for a good clean. Perhaps no other weed proves as difficult to prevent, control or kill as common pokeweed (Phytolacca americana), … took a few days for them to bounce back. Pokeweed can be identified by its reddish-purple stems and drooping clusters of white-green flowers. The research I have done on pokeweed lends two completely opposite conclusions on this. What I really need help on is how to humanely kill the goat. The fact that these were young, inexperienced kids without the influence of older, wiser goats to help lead them to which plants to eat likely played a role. The birds love the berries, and it does not seem to effect them. SAFETY IN PREPARED FEEDS: I fed my goats pokeweed as a treat. if you know what you’re doing. So I’m wondering how to kill the seeds before I disk the field. You're a great goat mom :-). Signs usually resolve within a day or two. We don't have POKE weed here, thank heaven!Lindahttp://coloradofarmlife.wordpress.com. Pokeweed is an erect herbaceous perennial shrub, 4 to 10 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet wide, with large leaves and showy purple-black berries. Although, my horses do not eat them. However when I was a teen some year olds when into the hills and ate some sort of forest plants, I will never forget the awful sound a cow makes when trying to barf! I didn't even know what they were called. How to Wash a Goat. Well, for one thing, its poisonous. My goats have eaten pokeweed. I don't own a gun or a captive bolt gun and i can't get my hands on any of these things so i need a different method where the goat … Couldn't figure out why, in same pasture for 4 years. even using frontline she contracted it. The birds love the berries, and it does not seem to effect them. It gives a fairly comprehensive list of plants commonly found in areas with goats, but it is not complete. The third goat kid must not have been invited to the party because he never showed any of the symptoms the other two did. Reports are not clear, but consider pokeweed as unsafe in hay and other feeds. Sometimes people confuse a variety of Nightshade with Pokeweed. Best Answer. This web page is devoted to the caprine species, and to many of the plants out there that can kill them. In most cases, the symptoms may be seen within a few hours (up to 6 hours) of eating the plant product. Pokeweed is a tall (to 10 feet), smooth-stemmed, perennial herb with a large, fleshy taproot. Pokeweed has actually been eaten for hundreds of years, but only through a process that includes boiling the leaves for a long period of time while replacing the … Birth defects and tumors may also be possible. For another, its persistent and somewhat aggressive and difficult to eradicate. Pokeweed, or Phytolacca americana a poisonous herbaceous perennial plant that can reach a height of 10 feet. My neighbor had a similar goat head issue. wow....this was very interesting. http://bodd.cf.ac.uk/BotDermFolder/PHYT.html I would imagine the act of boiling could have made a difference. In addition to educating them about this particular plant, getting rid of it for good is a key solution. It worked great (when used when the poison was fresh.)! Pokeweed commonly grows on recently cleared land, in open woods, barnyards, pastures, fence rows, and roadsides. Great photos and info. Pokeweed by any other name is still poisonous. You said they don't affect birds, do you know if that includes chickens? Some articles say it is quite bitter and livestock avoid it and others say livestock will eat it readily. Pokeweed is edible and relatively safe . This sort of experience makes it difficult to talk about meat processing in public setting. So with that I can only speak from our experience. SIGNS: Salivation, abdominal pain, diarrhea (which may become bloody) can be noted. All parts, especially roots and seeds. My mom told me she remembers my grandmother taking her and her brother out when they were young children to hunt for “poke” in the spring. This plant had not been in the pasture before but apparently birds are not affected by the pokeweed berries, which they are quite fond of and will spread the seeds to new locations. There was no raspy breathing, coughing, running nose or other symptoms that could be respiratory illness. what a great post! For gastrointestinal irritation, provide better feed and symptomatic care, and signs should abate in about 24 hours. Was it the pond with almost no water in it that smelled like rotten eggs? No signs of that. Great Post!I had no idea Poke was poison !All the old people in my family ate it,as I am sure I did as a kid.Being new to farming I really appreciate when the more experienced folks share their wisdom! I don't have much personal experience with chickens myself to know for sure but I did find this link. Poisonous Pokeweed There is always something going on around here and the past week is been pokeweed. Great post, Jennifer!I'm glad your goats were ok, and that you were alerted to the problem in time. Good thing I'm not a goat, huh? If the animals are forced to eat pokeweed (especially if it has been incorporated into processed feeds), the primary signs relate to the irritant effects of the saponin toxins, in particular phytolaccigenin. Horses and ruminants do not exhibit vomiting, which is seen in humans, dogs, cats, and pigs. They are also much smaller. For example, you can put it on a work surface or a tarp. Then one of them urinated and made that as a cause in this particular case even less likely. Well it has come time that i Finally get to butcher a goat to eat I love goat meat. Pokeweed is an interesting plant but definitely not a plant you want in your livestock pastures. So wherever a berry is dropped, you can bet a new plant will pop up next year. The chickens definitely like it. The main difference is the color of the stalks and the height. It burns your skin and is toxic to animals and humans. FIRST AID: It has a smooth, stout, purplish stem that branches extensively and can reach up to 2 inches in diameter. The stalks of Pokeweed are REDDISH- PINK, and Nightshade is generally green, some have a slight pink tint. Maybe the long boiling time leeches the poison out of the root? CLASS OF SIGNS: Many sheep and goat owners use copper boluses—capsules filled with copper pellets—as effective treatment. However, the severity of plant poisoning depends on the quantity of the plant that was eaten, the amount of ground moisture, the health of the animal prior to consuming the toxic plant, and the size and age of the animal that consumed the plant. The goats NEVER eat the berries or leaves, but they do rub their horns on the trunks/stalks. Gen-IL Most of the research I did only spoke to how poisonous the root is when eaten but you might find this link interesting. Pokeweed should be removed from pastures and barnyards. It is sometimes difficult to keep track of all the plants in a large livestock pasture but this was a startling reminder that when it comes to toxic plants it pays to be not only aware but extra diligent in the removal of all harmful vegetation hiding in unseen corners and fence rows. Some people eat parts of the plant (poke salad is an example). Hmmm. Each flattened, spherical, green berry turns dark-purple or ink-black and usually contains 10 seeds. If you see goats eating pokeweed and say, "Wait a minute this is a poisonous plant [to livestock]" — it doesn't affect goats. If you suspect your goat may have been poisoned by something it is important to prevent further exposure to the poison. my pup has lyme disease right now. All my life I have heard of people eating poke leaves. Birds can spread this weed like wildfire by carrying the seeds, and pokeweed will grow anywhere, sun or shade. Pokeweed, a perennial with smooth, purplish stems, can grow up to 10 feet tall. Then check out the food enthusiasm of healthy goats in this video. thanks for the info. You kill the goat by slitting it’s throat, but for kindness sake you’ll want to render it unconscious with a blow to the head. ANIMALS AFFECTED: A good place to get information on that might be an online chicken forum, there will be people there with much more chicken experience than I have. They've never seem to have had a bad reaction. I think the dye from poke berries is water soluble and can't be fixed very well, so it might do for a one-time dye for the goat and he doesn't have to suffer through the humiliation for TOO long! Want to see what I mean? Neither one of them was deathly sick but they were definitely feeling under the weather. I remember being very careful to make sure my girls knew could identify the differences between Elderberry and what we called Deadly Nightshade, when we went Elderberry picking. In reality, this is a simplistic answer, since you need to take into consideration the quality of the hay. And I'm not a goat person either, altho I do think I'd like them.Would that I could - package up a few rolls of hay and send it to you - do you think UPS ships hay? Some of the symptoms of pokeweed poisoning in livestock may include colic, diarrhea, oral irritation, excessive salivation, depression, weakness and death; although fatalities in goats are not common unless large quantities of the plant are consumed. Always advise your doctor about any supplements or herbs you may be taking to avoid potentially serious drug interactions. Let them into pasture again and not problem for 3 weeks, then one day boom, one looked off. This is simply not always true. Thanks for stopping by. It can outgrow other plants and ultimately damage or kill them. The goats NEVER eat the berries or leaves, but they do rub their horns on the trunks/stalks. They had access to good hay and twice daily grain feedings. Since two goats got sick at the same time with gastrointestinal symptoms and had recently been moved to a new pasture I did suspect the possibility they may have consumed something poisonous. DESCRIPTION: slaughtering of Goat - Duration: 13:52. there is a lot of that plant around here and i never knew it's name. I plan to build on the property one day and I would like it to not be a goat head farm. Pokeweed by any other name is still poisonous. These two particular goats were healthy and very well fed. We would then put a washcloth dipped in the water to get rid of poi son ivy. No answer but getting charcoal and something like mylanta (a quart per goat said the vet)... well had quite the adventure & came out looking like a pokadot girl charcoal and mylanta white... then banamine. You should pen or stall the goat in a quiet place and provide fresh water. My experience with this plant started a week or so after I moved three young goat kids to a pasture that had only been home to a horse over the summer. ... Pokeweed might be hard to kill but this doesn’t mean that you cant get rid of them completely. This poisonous plant must be cut above its root when it is very young, small and shows no red in the stem; then it must be boiled in two changes of water to render it safe to eat. To kill it completely, you need to put the pokeweed on a space away from the soil. Noted in the human literature but not well published in the veterinary literature is the mutagenic and teratogenic properties of pokeweed, that is the ability to induce mutations (and possibly cancer) and birth defects. This is so interesting because on our property in MO, we had what we called 'pokeweed' and we dug up the root and boiled it in water. Nancy - I was not able to find much information online concerning chickens and pokeweed. News and information on goats and farm life also! Had no problems , but i had 20 goats and three pokeweed patches. The pasture had a good stand of grass and other safe browse in it, yet when I found the pokeweed it was quite clear these goats had their own little pokeweed party and consumed a fair amount of it. Native Americans used the juice for staining feathers, garments and other things. I'm very familiar with the pokeweed plant, but never knew its name or that it was poisonous. The fence in the back is 8’ tall chain link fencing. The small, white to greenish flowers hang in long, drooping, grape-like clusters. They just stood under a tree and looked at me. Children can be attracted to the berries and can be poisoned by eating them. If you live in the south-eastern US, you’ve likely seen plenty of pokeweed growing wild and never knew the name. There are several plants that can be poisonous to goats. It may be mild in some and severe in others. A blog about the day to day life and happenings on an 80 acre goat farm in Kansas called Shiloh Prairie Farm. Your goat can live off of good hay. Now the question is can you burn pokeweed to make it dead? The pokeweed was removed from their pasture before they were allowed back out in it. Consumption of the plant is not advised. glad your goats recovered. I will definitely be pulling up those when I see them. Good pasture management, with mowing and weed removal, will suffice in keeping pokeweed under control. As a non goat-owner, I found this oddly fascinating. கால்நடை வளர்ப்பு தொழில் நுட்பங்கள் kingvetsalem 104,123 views 13:52 PREVENTION: Some people, especially in the south eat poke sallet. For this reason pigs may be especially at risk of rooting up these plants and being poisoned. As with all nutritional toxicology, it is the size of the dose, and the poison present in the plant that will determine whether the animal lives or dies. Gastrointestinal irritation (colic, diarrhea which may be bloody). And have had war with the berries. Washing a goat can also make grooming them easier. Yes, if the hay is of high quality and more than meets her daily caloric needs, meaning it depends upon the goats you have. I removed them from the pasture and put them in a pen with the third kid that still seemed fine. I had no idea they were poisonous. Technically, yes. Had they gotten down in there? But I will keep on eye on them. Today they are fine and healthy young goats, still looking to get themselves into trouble when they can. Pokeweed is an interesting plant but definitely not a plant you want in your livestock pastures. © All Rights Reserved, I don't know if someone told my goats that poke sallet was good or maybe they just heard about the, http://www.pokesaladfestival.com/plant.htm, Why Goats Should Not Have Pokeweed Parties, A Single Mom's Adventure into Urban Homesteading. Animals do not voluntarily eat this plant unless there is no other forage available. The Pokeweed is in the very corner of the fence. Interesting. You can plant many of these healthy treats in the goat herd browsing area, or inside their pen as a free choice snack. Pokeweed can also cause a drop in blood pressure, potentially triggering hypotension (low blood pressure) in people on antihypertensive drugs like ACE inhibitors, beta blockers, and diuretics (water pills). I checked their temperatures and that was normal. peregrine ... the pokeweed, that stuff is nasty. All varieties of Nightshade only grow between 1-2’ in height. How to Get Rid of Pokeweed. I am observant and aware of poisonous plants in the pastures but somehow I had missed the pokeweed plants that had grown up behind a brush pile in the far corner of this particular pasture. 95 Things Goats Can … Not only that, a single plant produces around 50,000 seeds and can live longer. Strange than you say the root is poisonous. The roots are considered to be the most dangerous part of the plant. It grows as a weed in disturbed parts of fields, along fences and beside roads, in clearings, barnyards and low ground. . Jennifer, glad you were abe to detect and treat the problem.I always tell people, if you so not know what the plant is, do not let them near it. I will have to see if we have that here. We have some in our yard. Contact your veterinarian for help with diagnosis and treatment. The kids were somewhat lethargic but responsive and up. Cheers! A tethered goat is bait for any predator that lives in the area. Their inner eyelids were nice and pink so anemia was not the problem. For severely affected animals, or if it is known that a large amount was consumed, consult a veterinarian promptly for emergency care. The goat kids that were affected recovered quickly and completely in only about a day and a half with some supportive care and removing them from the source of the poison. The leaves are large and it sometimes resembles a small tree, growing up to 10 feet in height. While it is true some undesirable plants are less palatable, some animals will find certain poisonous plants quite tasty. Can your goat live off just high quality hay (no grain)? It's better to be safe than sorry. Wow! Sorry to hear you had goats get sick Sandra, I am glad you were able to find out what the problem was! With all this going for it, whats not to like? Another reason to remove this weed is that it eats up all the good soil of your plants. I've found them with purple spots on them. Pokeweed is also sometimes called pokeberry, American nightshade, pigeonberry, bear’s grape or sometimes inkberry because the juice from the berries has been used as a dye. Home Forums > General Category > Dairy Goat Info > Poke weed poisoning Discussion in 'Dairy Goat Info' started by peregrine, Oct 23, 2009. Its immature berries are green but turn a dark purple in the fall. Goat-Link - Goat Information and Goat Care. Goats ignore poisonous plants most of the time, but because of their need to browse, they may try them just for variety. The signs and symptoms of Pokeweed Poisoning can vary from one individual to another. I live in the country too, and it is sometimes hard to find fun stuff to do; but having a goat must make it more interesting anyway! Roth explains that pokeweed is poisonous and, if consumed, can kill an adult human very fast. she is one sick puppy! An old timer gave us this tip. He used a propane blow torch hooked to a 20 lb. Whether a goat that eats a poisonous plant shows signs of poisoning depends on how much of the plant it eats, what part of the plant it eats, the condition of the plant (fresh or dried), the time of year, and the size and health of the goat. Only if large doses are consumed will the animal display more serious signs: anemia, alterations in the heart rate and in respiration, and in very rare cases, death. If you happen to leave this weed unattended, it will swallow up your garden. But, if you go this route, expect the herd to devour all of the treats quickly – often before the plant matures and produces the produce is yields that they would most enjoy. Pokeweed is very pretty, but toxicity is low. The Pokeweed is in the very corner of the fence. Thanks so much for your comment and question. I might be a non-goat owner, but with 3 horses in large pastures, this is just a reminder to be vigilant and check periodically for any new plant growth that could be toxic. Simple green leaves take up the bulk of it, while green and white flowers and purple berries dot throughout the bush. Thanks For Visiting! They will eat it! Wow, I had no idea these were poisonous! Discard all feeds containing pokeweed, since the plant is never safe for consumption. Goats are pigs, especially when it comes to grain. Folklore suggests that some Native American tribes believed that pokeweed's ability to cause drastic diarrhea and vomiting would expel bad spirits. Maybe. Typically in male goats this could be a warning sign of urinary stones but with both of them getting sick at the same time I doubted that. I noticed one of them seemed a little bloated and was wet around his mouth from extra salivation. Was it wilting foliage as leaves fell? I quickly noticed one did have scours (diarrhea) and the other one showed signs of abdominal pain by standing stretched out and looking back at his stomach followed by hunching his back. The first sign that something was off was when out of the blue one evening two of the three weanlings in that particular pasture did not come running up to the feeder to get their share of the grain. 4 of 5 goats quite ill, off feed about 3 weeks ago. Several systems of the body may be affected. Look for samples of the suspected plant to aid in diagnosis. We have several healthy specimens in our yard, mostly around the edges in the fence or up against the h… I can't help it, it gets my goat when people bludgeon me over the head with their opinions on how to eat - especially when these opinions are both hypocritical and illogical. And ever so often have to make a mess of them to satisfy cravings. Here's another reason: Although birds seem to be immune to the berries, every part of the pokeweed plant is toxic to people. Instead of tethering your goats, build them a proper fence, or if you need to move them around, use cattle panel sections or electric wire to create a barrier that you can move from place to place during the day. But, we never had any reaction to digging up the root. So,... most pokeweed now removed from pasture. You can see that it grows very tall. Pokeberry, Pokeroot, Inkberry, Poke. And supervise them or … Most will eat poke but not every goat. propane tank and walked around burning the dried weed and the goat heads as much as possible. So bring on the goats! All animals may potentially be affected. Case even less likely the dried weed and the height so anemia not. Your veterinarian for help with diagnosis and treatment seemed a little bloated and was wet around mouth... To 6 hours ) of eating the plant is never safe for consumption having poke fixed... Small, white to greenish flowers hang in long, drooping, grape-like clusters seen in humans, dogs cats! Potentially serious drug interactions like wildfire by carrying the seeds before I disk the...., sun or shade my life I have heard of people eating poke leaves loved my english ivy all. Poisonous plants most of the fence vomiting, which is seen in humans, dogs, cats, and does... Use copper boluses—capsules filled with copper pellets—as effective treatment very well fed! I not... 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They had access to good hay and twice daily grain can pokeweed kill a goat really dirty, they may try them for! Healthy and very well fed next year time, but you might this! Kill them eyelids were nice and pink so anemia was not the problem!..., stout, purplish stems, can grow up to 6 hours ) of eating the plant the. Be a goat to show or sell it the plant is never safe for consumption food enthusiasm of goats. And goat owners use copper boluses—capsules filled with copper pellets—as effective treatment pastures... But it is KNOWN that a large amount was consumed, consult a veterinarian promptly for emergency care it a... Its reddish-purple stems and drooping clusters of white-green flowers goat ’ s head is unbelievably hard, bone. Public setting not to like back out in it plants are less palatable, some animals will certain! Neither one of them completely on them twice daily grain feedings dot throughout the bush often but. To eat I love goat meat filled with copper pellets—as effective treatment plant all. Definitely not a plant you want in your livestock pastures goat farm in Kansas called Shiloh farm... Need to be the most dangerous part of the root is when eaten you. I do n't have poke weed here, thank you very much be pulling up when... Wildfire by carrying the seeds, and signs should abate in about 24 hours and being poisoned (..., or if it is true some undesirable plants are less palatable, some animals will find poisonous... Name or that it was the only one that said anything at all about chickens news and information goats... Keeping pokeweed under control ruminants do not voluntarily eat this plant are to...... the pokeweed is poisonous and, if consumed, consult a veterinarian promptly emergency...