I then gave it a good thorough watering and set it in a shady spot on my deck. The plant does best in a bright room where the rays never shine directly on its foliage. There is speculation that the plant’s small size is due to tissue culture methods used in large-scale reproduction. Share it in the comments section below. Your email address will not be published. If your plant is overpotted in a container too large for its root system, the soil can take longer to dry properly. Philodendron xanadu care requirements include moderate indirect light and well-draining soil that never dries out or remains soggy. If you move the plant to brighter light—often a good move—it’s wise to avoid shock by letting them acclimate. Philodendron xanadu care is quite simple, especially if you are a beginner. Philodendron bipinnatifidum Winterbourn is commonly known as Xanadu or cut-leaf philodendron. Petioles attach the long leaves with the stem, and they grow wider forming a dense canopy look. You don’t need to tease out the old roots – they will find the fresh soil. Cut the stem cleanly at the base. Philodendron Xanadu needs highly porous soil with excellent drainage. ... How to Take Care of a Philodendron Xanadu, the Lush, Leafy Plant You Need. Philodendrons are tropical beauties, and they love to soak themselves in excess humidity. Taper off in the autumn and stop fertilizing completely over the winter months. Your Xanadu can suffer from a buildup of fertilizers, which is another important reason not to overfeed. The pot and planter you are using for planting Xanadu should have at least 3-4 drainage holes so that the water can smoothly run through them. A fast climbing draping philodendron with long narrow leaves and a strong root system. Synthetic fertilizers work well, but organic fertilizers nurture the soil and are less likely to damage the plant. Will scorch in direct sunlight. Philodendron Xanadu thrives in bright indirect light but not in full sun. Prune only the yellow, spotted, or pest-infested leaves. Other names for the plant are Excalibur, Showboat, and Millennium. Avoid crowding to ensure good airflow and minimize the risk of spreading pests or disease. Unlike other climbing philodendrons, which can be propagated through cutting with aerial roots. If your soil drains well and it’s watering time, consider giving your Xanadu the treat of a warm shower or a short stay outside in a summer rain. A mix of equal parts peat/coco coir, perlite, and compost is a good choice. Division The Philodendron xanadu contains calcium oxalate crystals that are poisonous to pets and people. Xanadu is a great choice for all philodendron enthusiasts, especially the beginners, as caring for this philodendron variety is super easy. Sometimes, while the top soil appears to be bone dry, the root ball could be thoroughly wet. Its leaves can grow over a foot long even when grown in a container. (Take steps to correct issues that led to the plant becoming spindly in the first place.). It’s a million-dollar question, especially if you have pets at home. Bring it inside when the late fall or winter kicks in and the temperature drops below 50° F. If you live in a milder climate with only a slight drift in the temperatures, you can keep your Xanadu outdoors throughout the year. Its vertical growth can be up to 2 to 4 feet (0.6 to 1.2 m). Philodendron 'Xanadu' - Philodendron bipinnatifidum Hybrid This unique looking plant commands attention with its slightly lobed leaves and upright growth pattern. The tissue-cultured or hybrid Xanadus are created to give it a more compact look and make it aesthetically and commercially attractive. The plant survives outdoors year-round in USDA hardiness zones 10-11. How to Kill a Philodendron. Once you spot roots popping out of the pot’s drainage holes, go for one size bigger pot to maintain its steady growth rate. The Philodendron “Xanadu”, sometimes referred to as Philodendron “Winterbourn”, is a large compact easy to grow plant. This also helps curb spider mites. Don’t worry unless loss becomes excessive, new growth stops, or young leaves emerge with damage. This isn’t a good idea if the soil is heavy and holding, however. How to Take Care of a Philodendron Xanadu. Keep watering your Xanadu until this happens. It is less popular now because it was found to grow into a garden 'monster' with a massive root system . It was granted a patent as an Australian cultivar in 1983 but was later discovered to be a wild species native to Brazil. Erwinia often hitchhikes along with a new plant. This hinders pests, too. Be sure to let the pot drain well afterwards. Erwinia can be an issue, as can common pathogens causing root rot. Some growers in Zone 9 help the Xanadu survive as a landscape plant by protecting it with mulch and covering them during a frost. Philodendrons (Philodendron spp.) Water the plant well a few days ahead. The excess moisture will be distributed in each cell of your Xanadu and make it healthier. Contractile roots – plants like hyacinths use contractile roots to pull the new bulb down to the right level for it to grow, since the new bulb is produced above the old one in the soil. Tips to Keep Philodendron Xanadu Problem-Free. Avoid letting the plant sit in soggy soil, as can be prone to root rot. Factors like overly large pots, dim light, heavy soil, or cool temperatures can cause the mix to hold water too long and endanger the plant. Routine fertilization during the growing season is important for providing great Philodendron xanadu care … but be careful not to overdo it. The best way to water it is to give it a generous watering until water runs out of the drainage holes of the pot. The excess humidity will make your Xanadu happy and thriving. You can also add a modest amount of bark or wood chips. The maximum leaf length of a full-size Xanadu can be up to 18 inches with 14 inches width. Sap can also cause skin irritation. The Philodendron Xanadu doesn’t need much in the way of maintenance. Place the stem in water or directly in soil: If using water, change the water consistently to keep it as fresh as possible and help stave off decay pathogens. As a thumb rule, never keep the soil completely dry. Its leaves tend to darken if the illumination is dim, but it will grow leggy if it starts to struggle in low light. Try to keep the temperature above 55°F (13°C). Its stems are sprouted from the solid clump near its root system. Xanadu is sometimes referred to as Winterbourn by hobbyists and growers. The patent has expired, however, and today the plant can be freely propagated without stepping on legal toes. The height of Xanadu is much shorter than other climbing philodendrons. Since the plant is subject to rot, it’s critical to monitor the moisture level and give them warmth and strong indirect light. Keep them away from air conditioning or heating vents. It rarely flowers indoors. Give the new plants bright indirect light and keep them warm. The ideal way to counter this problem is to raise the humidity level by increasing the misting frequency, using the pebble tray technique, or keeping your Xanadu in front of a humidifier. While not necessarily fatal, ingesting plant parts can cause burning, swelling and trouble breathing … consuming a large quantity can cause kidney failure. You should care for the new plants more than the mother plant initially, once they settle down, the care should be normal like other plants. Then slowly and carefully slice the root balls so that every branch has a good number of healthy roots. The plant needs to be watered every two or three days. The solution may not kill the existing fungi but prevent it from spreading and blocking the leaf spores. In 2018, it was renamed Thaumatophyllum xanadu based on DNA evidence It may take the plant world a little while to catch up to the change, so let’s stick with the more widely used name for now: Philodendron xanadu. The average household humidity is adequate for a thriving Xanadu, but you should keep it away from all dry air sources such as heating and air-conditioning vent. Enjoy your stay at Smart Garden Guide. Xanadu has a strong root system, and new roots keep forming as the stem grows thicker and stronger. It’s a relatively expensive option but works really well if you are time-strapped. I accidentally placed it under direct sun for a couple of days, and half of its leaves got fried. It’s the reservoir of vital micronutrients that strengthen your plant’s root system and make it healthy. Place your Xanadu pot on top of the pebble-filled tray. Many are grown as ornamental and indoor plants. Some are found in the wild and then tissue-cultured in the lab while the rest (especially the variegated ones) are created in the lab by tweaking the original species’ genome structure. To save space, you can add pebbles to the trays and place the plant’s container on top where it can sit safely above the waterline. A few growers refuse to accept the plant isn’t an Australian-born designer hybrid. With spreading, upright growth, and deeply split leaves it’s great for adding a tropical vibe to your indoor space. Remember that the plant is prone to root rot. If necessary, limit flushing the soil to the warm growing months when the soil dries more quickly. Taxonomically, the genus Philodendron is still poorly known, with many undescribed species. A smaller relative of the ‘Selloum Hope,’ Philodendron xanadu forms into leafy clumps of up to three feet high by five feet wide. If the leaves of your Xanadu look lanky, unbalanced, and have over 4-5 inches of gaps between them, it’s a clear sign of light deficiency. It’s airy, upright growth remains contained and doesn’t require staking or other support. Remember, the roots of divided plants should not be damaged. A daily change isn’t too much. Watering is the trickiest part of Philodendron xanadu care. Philodendron xanadu likes a good amount of indirect light, but it scorches easily in direct sun. The most practical ways to propagate your Philodendron xanadu are root division and stem cuttings. If you are like me, you are probably a fan of the Philodendron Selloum’ little brother as their leaf designs are so similar! The disease can be spread by hand contact or even from water splashing off an infected leaf. Room Humidifier – It’s probably not necessary, but you can go all-out and use a humidifier to recreate a virtual rainforest. Philodendron xanadu’s native soil is made of organic matter and they do well in it, but the fertility and aeration quality of these materials degrade and must be replenished. The plant likes consistently moist soil but cannot stand wet feet. The plant becomes even more attractive with maturity, gaining darker green leaves, a thick trunk, and aerial roots along the soil surface. If your finger comes out clean, it’s time to water your Xanadu. Philodendron is a genus of about 200 species of plants, including large, shrub-like plants and vining species. Even more Xanadu can become a popular atrium and poolside selection. To avoid further trauma to the cutting, don’t push it into soil: make a hole to place it in and gently tamp the soil around it. Watering also cleans off the leaves, which are usually dusty and gross after being neglected for so long! I recommend you to keep the soil moist and not soggy. Check out the root system on these Monstera cuttings! I’m here to share my experience and help you have more success and enjoyment growing plants. Philodendron xanadu, recently renamed Thaumatophyllum xanadu, is a wonderful philodendron to grow as a houseplant. Philodendron Xanadu is native to the West Indies and Tropical Rainforests of Central and South America. Philodendrons are highly toxic to cats and dogs, but I would suggest keeping your toddlers and small kids from the plant to keep them safe. Philodendron Xanadu Care (Thaumatophyllum Xanadu), 13 Amazing Alocasia Varieties You Will Love, 5 Peace Lily Problems (And How To Fix Them), Clusia Rosea Care - How To Grow An Autograph Tree, 18 Fast-Growing Indoor Plants That Look Fantastic, Why Is My Money Tree Dropping Leaves? You want the plant to start growing immediately and not languish. You should follow a regular watering and misting schedule to keep your Xanadu healthy. However, you can keep it outside in your patio or backyard sheltered space in spring and summer. Let’s answer the common question – Can Xanadu plants be in full sun? If you live in the Northern Hemisphere, it’s better to keep your Xanadu near an east-facing window. Don’t expect aerial roots until the plant has reached maturity; similarly, don’t freak out if your Xanadu suddenly starts producing them. One dose lasts from six months to a year, so apply in spring. The Xanadu philodendron houseplant can grow to 2 to 4 feet tall (0.6 to 1.2 m.) and up to 4-6 feet (1.2 to 1.8 m.) wide, but indoors it will probably be on the shorter end. Separate the infected plant from other healthy plants as fungi can germinate and spread quickly. I just put some in the ground. Even the sap can cause skin irritation. This might not be a good option for pets or children who may be attracted to the colorful granules. The brown spots are the sign that fungi have started feeding on the plants and will eventually result in significant loss of leaves. It thrives in average household temperature with a daytime range between 65 to 75º F and nighttime temperatures of 60° F. It’s an ideal houseplant to grow indoors. Xanadu may contain toxic chemicals like oxalates, glycosides, solanine, or alkaloid lycorine. The best way to check the dryness of potting soil is to press it with your thumb or insert your index finger until the knuckle goes inside the potting mix. Feed lightly in the spring and increase the amount as the weather heats up and the plant steps up its growth. Mix a small amount of water-soluble fertilizer into the water—no more than a teaspoon per three cups of water. Philodendron xanadu has a complicated background. © 2020 Simply Philodendron. A light and open soil makes proper watering much easier. There are three common fertilization methods: Here are tips for fertilizing Philodendron xanadu: Keeping a Philodendron xanadu is about foliage, not flowers – it rarely blooms as a potted houseplant. 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