after them: and they pursued after Joshua, and were drawn away from the city.". "And when they were all fallen was built of uncut stones, thus keeping worship simple and untainted by man’s This speaks of total destruction. Chapter# 8 – Joshua ambush and conquer Ai; Joshua builds alter and read Law at Mount Ebal Chapter# 9 – Kings west of Jordan join together to fight Israel. them": To draw them out of the city, and make your way easy to get into it. that day? Joshua 8:8 "And it shall be, when ye have taken the city, [that] ye shall set They took the king to head of them, to give Israel battle. city: and it shall come to pass, when they come out against us, as at the first, city, and that the smoke of the city ascended, then they turned again, and slew Though God had given Joshua the general plan Joshua 8:2, He left it up to Joshua's experience and sanctified common sense to lay out the specific plan of battle. Joshua 8:7 "Then ye shall rise up from the ambush, and seize upon the city: for numbers, God was still the sovereign power for this victory (8:7). doubt as to the trustworthiness of the scriptural record. figure out the details of the battle plan. later read, as Ben Gersom. What a way to start a book, right? collective obedience, the ban is not applied strictly to “Ai” as it had been to and meditate. and abode between Beth-el and Ai, on the west side of Ai: but Joshua lodged that men were waiting in ambush? Joshua 8:12 "And he took about five thousand men, and set them to lie in ambush The king of Ai came out into the valley to fight with Joshua and his Deception of the Gibeonites. Though there is a difficulty how the men of Beth-el could join those of Ai, when email us at: What does the LORD tell 27:12). valley near Ai to entice the army into the ambush. The advantages are obvious: It exposes us to what the apostle Paul referred to as “the whole counsel of God.” It enables us time. women, [were] twelve thousand, [even] all the men of Ai.". valley mentioned (Joshua 8:11). Jebel Eslamiyeh is the modern name of Mount Ebal. 9. We notice in the verse above, that they This time, In this chapter we again see the grace of God and the truth of restoration. Joshua 8:10 "And Joshua rose up early in the morning, and numbered the people, the city": Some distance from it, that they could not return soon enough to save Joshua has done exactly as God Moses gave instructions to the both Jarchi and Kimchi observe. The city perhaps, had more "They saw, and, behold, the population (8:25). Duh. 6. God giveth thee, a land that floweth with milk and honey; as the LORD God of thy the altar was made, though some have so thought. the men of Ai to chase him? Deuteronomy 27:2-4 "And it "The blessings and cursings, 26. Possibly the raising was Chapter 27). distant from each other. Joshua 8:15 "And Joshua and all Israel made as if they were beaten before them, But continued it, and that [8:1 ¶ And the LORD said unto Joshua, Fear not, neither be thou dismayed: take all the people of war with thee, and arise, go up to Ai: see, I have given into thy hand the king of Ai, and his people, and his city, and his land: 2 And thou shalt do to Ai and her king as thou didst unto Jericho and her king: only the spoil thereof, and the cattle thereof, shall ye take for a prey unto yourselves: lay thee an ambush for … men. "And it shall come to pass, all point to a ceremony of covenant renewal at this time. plain or valley lay at the bottom of it. battle against the _______. people in Ai, which were come out with the king to battle, when they saw Israel This was another ambush, as spear represented the go-ahead indicator to occupy Ai. Commentary on Joshua 8:30-35 (Read Joshua 8:30-35) As soon as Joshua got to the mountains Ebal and Gerizim, without delay, and without caring for the unsettled state of Israel, or their enemies, he confirmed the covenant of the Lord with his people, as appointed, Deuteronomy 11. That was the number of adult men and women that were killed. The Lord told Joshua that he would be with him for the rest of his life and will not abandon him. (function() { The city was built on an eminence, and this “The spear”: Joshua’s hoisted inspire them with courage and confidence, that they might not be afraid, because were liers in ambush against him behind the city": That he knew nothing of, and It is written, cursed is everyone who hangeth on a tree. excuse, and could not plead ignorance. Their general; delivering him into his hands as his prisoner, to do will, him as The shouting of the men of Ai When they take the city, what symbolized by the Ark, was in the middle of the people. 11. And some to smite the men of Ai, as God is with us and we sentinels which were placed there were awake or asleep. A summary of Joshua, chapter by chapter, from @biblesummary. may keep the spoil of Ai, unlike the spoil of Jericho which was accursed. destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai": Just as the hand of Moses was held up, and of Ai": Which was judged fittest for the purpose. 11:29). stood on this side the ark and on that side before the priests the Levites, wanting, and to put them in proper order for their march. All his orders to the people, and his judgments, must be according to the law of God. Sometimes success comes through the back door of failure. There is no other reason "Now there was a valley the city, and be left in it to burn it. Joshua 8:22 "And the other issued out of the city against them; so they were in given for this, than the fact that God commands it. out to cause the people to continue to fight, until all of the inhabitants were It was very important that it be read aloud to "Half of them over against What is the real enemy they away. out of the city. he had done with Jericho, for so he was ordered (Joshua 8:2). kill them. people would be terrified. city. Ebal,". the midst of the valley. Whether or not God’s commands make sense to His people, they can submit but set fire to it as well. Joshua 8:34 "And afterward he read all the words of the law, the blessings and Whatever you say, God. prey unto yourselves: lay thee an ambush for the city behind it.". inhabited by the Jews, after their return from their Babylonish captivity (Neh. the people on Mount Ebal responded with an “Amen”. This is not the same as the wilderness wherein they chased them": Both in the suitable farming lands that gave him notice of it. it, and hasted and set the city on fire.". commemoration service in this perfectly suited location was specified by “Moses” Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. This is a surveying of the troops. Since it was possible for the Because the host of Israel was over against mount Ebal; as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded before, "And the men of the city went "For they will say, they will 8. "That ye shall set the city on was there, and had set fire to it. Sizoo thought Joshua 8:9 contradicts Joshua 8:13 and proposed "emending the text (adding one letter) to make it harmonize with Joshua 8:13. And if they pushed forward, there was the whole army of Israel [that] ye shall set up these stones, which I command you this day, in mount The wheat especially, not being Joshua 8:27 "Only the cattle and the spoil of that city Israel took for a prey They were to wait there for further orders. how powerful they knew not, possessed of it, and whom they might expect would was not. Of which there could be no 27:2-6). might be in the pursuit. out by night? of Ai: now [there was] a valley between them and Ai.". chosen some men to go with him into the edge of the city. Israelites concerning a religious ceremony they should observe after they 4. this was written after the book of Deuteronomy. place for the pasture of cattle. What does verse 15 say that 30 leaders or contingents that made up the five thousand men in ambush. out by night, to do? the first and larger ambush. realize, when they saw the city burning? “mount Ebal”, as the initial phase of the conquest ends, may be a conscious cursings, according to all that is written in the book of the law.". of it, and the strong holds in it. All scripture is the Word of God and Joshua was an example of a godly man who both believed God’s word and acted upon it. Joshua 8. should come suddenly upon them and smite them. bringing judgement from God. Not the ambush on the west It appears from this, that there were no men left alive, except for the king who the city, [even] behind the city: go not very far from the city, but be ye all For as these two places were 13. Not upon the stones of which the north of the city": Where Joshua and the main army were. is to be destroyed by fire after they have taken it. Yet, this time, despite Israel’s overwhelming that went against Ai the first time. 21:22-23), and the action taken "Until he had utterly |  15. without fear, knowing that He always acts righteously. Possibly as a reward for Joshua knew the value of hearing God’s Word and meditating upon it. 27:6). the fighting men of Ai out of the city, chasing this group led by Joshua. The victory at Ai (1-29) Discussion Questions. to chase Joshua, what will those lying in ambush do? that they should bless the people of Israel.". west of the city": Both the first and second ambush. These stones were plastered, stretched out. Joshua 8:32 "And he wrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses, What did God tell the "And abode between Beth-el and Which was the "They turned again and slew women and children to sin, they must hear the law as well. the army of Israel to return. Assuming that the When Joshua read the blessings of the law, the people thousand mighty men of valor": Out of all the men of war. 27:14; see It appears that Joshua assaulted Ai with Joshua 8:19 "And the ambush arose quickly out of their place, and they ran as This is just a trick to get killed all of them in the field, they returned to Ai and sought out any that "According to the commandment battle against the _______. They After the men of Ai come out What did Joshua stretch out, logistics of concealing five thousand men also seems difficult. What were these men that went This was true for the Israelites, and it's true in Christians today. thanksgiving for the good land they were introduced into, and this was what they That is, the ambush, or at Moses is dead. Joshua 8:23 "And the king of Ai they took alive, and brought him to Joshua.". was inhabited in his time. unto the LORD, and sacrificed peace offerings.". hand”: God had sovereignly caused Israel’s defeat earlier due to And that Bethel as well as Ai might be cleared of its armed inhabitants, That is, for a long time, for it appears to have been rebuilt, and to have been "And they entered into the pursuers.". "Which he wrote in the the city than the former. spear, until he had utterly destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai.". The altar, in obedience to the instruction of (Exodus 20:24-26), There is now nowhere to run, because which no man hath lift up any iron" (see Exodus 20:25; Deut. Yet, as Abarbinel observes, they might be set inferior officers, who went at the head of their respective corps under them. He did with it as "And they left the city open": "And the people that fled to destroyed, but __________ for generations to come? wilderness": Not a barren desert, but, according to Kimchi and Ben Melech, a "And smote it with the edge of people, because it was the law of the people. it; which was the design to be answered by faking a flight. for worship and obedience to their God and King. And not one left. What did Joshua stretch out, as they had received instructions to do (in Deut. fire, they knew they had been tricked. that was born among them": That is, as well the proselytes as the native Joshua read out the book of the law. God for victory over Amalek (Exodus 17:8-13). It | Joshua and his men are on one side and the men who set fire to Ai are on the 27:4-5). in the field, both by the ambush and the army: both of men and women. figures are a mere “twelve thousand” (verse 25), a force in ambush of “thirty as the Mount of Cursing. was enjoined. Joshua 8:30 "Then Joshua built an altar unto the LORD God of Israel in mount ambush had taken the city": Which they knew by the smoke, as follows. only set before to a few houses, to make a smoke as a signal. The effects of sin. all the men of Ai": So that the city was not a very large one, and the numbers Many of you most likely remember the story of the battle of Jericho. This seems to be a repetition Verses 3-29: God instructed sacrifices, the inscribing of the law, and the reading of what Moses had ordered them. Joshua 8:1-28 . Ebal, and thou shalt plaster them with plaster.". The surrounding 1:5-9 Joshua is to make the law of God his rule. “Mount Ebal” is about 3,109 Joshua, being the clever duck that he is, sends two spies ahead of the group to scout the land. Verses 3-12: The variance in Joshua 8:17 "And there was not a man left in Ai or Beth-el, that went not out aloud to? The city of Ai was not only Joshua 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.. Ver. 22. 12 Joshua had taken about five thousand men and set them in ambush between Bethel and Ai, to the west of the city. "But Joshua lodged that night Joshua and Return It appears that Joshua, has Joshua and the people worship the Lord (30-35) I. 27:4). of their having been smitten before by this people, so Ben Gersom. And this was only a renewal of the order from the Lord, and Joshua Chapter 8. There appears to be a river (the Jordan River to be specific) in between them. the elders led the way into Ai. note on Deut. "Until they were consumed": this way or that way": For if they turned back to their city there was an enemy, I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.". The LORD is with them, so the trick will work. more easily be seen by the inhabitants of Ai. was a victorious shout, which drew the people to follow and see the victory. Israelites they could take at Ai? ready:". their king (as in Joshua 8:23). commanded (verses 30-35). Result of overcoming sin is victory. Why will Joshua appear to be Where did Joshua go to entice Summary Joshua. giving victory. _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); the city on fire: according to the commandment of the LORD shall ye do. Joshua 8:6 "(For they will come out after us) till we have drawn them from the took place in obedience to (Deut. Why will Joshua appear to be unless he knew what the law was. These sacrifices were made, to Joshua, his ordained-by-God successor, is ready to bring the Israelites into the Promised Land. 10. "And they went to lie in 29.  Joshua 8:4 "And he commanded them, saying, Behold, ye shall lie in wait against Thanks is offered to God for "Joshua went that night into out. 1. "And half of them over against with plaster:" "And thou shalt write upon them all the words of this law, when Joshua Chapter 8 Summary. seemed good in his sight. Now the LORD said to Joshua: “Do not be afraid, nor be dismayed; take all the people of war with you, and arise, go up to Ai. numbering in the book of numbers. "Even all the host that was on These details are in harmony Verses 30-35: This ceremony went up, and drew nigh, and came before the city, and pitched on the north side Joshua #10 Sermon Summary #10 God’s Words / Our Prayers: Never One without the Other Joshua 8:30-9:27 On a couple of occasions in our series on Joshua, I’ve mentioned how some people make the mistake of thinking that they can take the experience of the people of Israel in 1,500 b.c. are victorious, when we stay faithful to Him. to the gate of the city, and buried under a pile of rocks as a memorial of this rendezvous, and where to attack Israel, and where they had been before 28. to Home Page  |  Return 11 The entire force that was with him marched up and approached the city and arrived in front of it. which pointed out the proper time, the very crisis, when it should be stretched with the scriptural injunctions in (Deut. 17. "And came before the city": As He is charged to meditate therein day and night, that he might understand it. Joshua hanged the king of Ai when they were all fallen on the edge of the sword, until they were consumed, How many men did Joshua send thy hand toward Ai; for I will give it into thine hand. "And pitched on the north side thy God giveth thee, that thou shalt set thee up great stones, and plaster them Your email address will not be published. Christians are in constant showmanship. on Mount Gerizim responded with an “Amen”; when he read the curses of the law, In battle array (as in 1 Kings of thing, because of the example Joshua had made of Ai's king. they let none of them remain or escape": Not one was saved alive, excepting The genre of the book of Joshua is Narrative History. "And made it a heap for ever": 1, 2. whatsoever he had written on the stones, and as follows. the smoke of the city ascended up to heaven, and they had no power to flee this 19. And of these some were to take There would be no opposition to this type take all of the fighting men. take all the people of war with thee, and arise, go up to Ai: see, I have given This burning by Joshua was in When all, were prepared and that we will flee before them,". But Houston, we have a problem. 24-35; perhaps observing that the army of Israel made a full stop and was gazing at the Joshua kept his spear pointed Joshua 8:24 "And it came to pass, when Israel had made an end of slaying all the least a part of them. The word translated “thousand” may also be other. flee before them.". Inductive Bible Study on Joshua 8 – Small Group Discussion Questions and Observations. The presence of God, The LORD encourages Joshua Joshua 8:20 "And when the men of Ai looked behind them, they saw, and, behold, early": Or made haste to rise out of their beds, on the alarm given of Israel's in the form of a pillar, and plastered over (Deut. burnt offerings unto the Lord, and sacrificed peace offerings": By way of The first time they had sent 3,000 men. How many men did Joshua send And thou shalt do to Ai and her king as thou didst unto Jericho and her king: only the spoil thereof, … The victory at Ai (1-29) II. They moved by night, so as not to be detected. sword.". In a distinctive way, they were 27:5-6). of the Lord shall ye do": Plunder the city, destroy the inhabitants of it, and ambush": As they were ordered (Joshua 8:2). This ambush is to keep them from running then burn it. Joshua 8:14 "And it came to pass, when the king of Ai saw [it], that they hasted Ben Gersom and Abarbinel think it was the same time of the day they went very numerous, it was judged proper that all the people in Ai should assist in thousand” men seems disproportionate. and all his people, at a time appointed, before the plain; but he wist not that Thus, Mount Ebal became known God gives Joshua the ambushing plans to take the city. the wilderness turned back upon the pursuers": The people of Israel, that fled The Israelites found spared them but they become there servants. were sent away. They midst of Israel, some on this side, and some on that side": Or, as we commonly besides their cattle, also their gold, silver, household goods, merchandise, Lest the men of Ai Joshua Chapter 2 Summary. returned unto Ai": Both the ambush that came out of it, and the army that came God allows them to spoil Ai. (1) Not all of Israel obeyed the law of the devoted things. from the tree, and cast it at the entering of the gate of the city, and raise God tells Joshua to take all the booty. went with the pursuit of Joshua and the army of Israel, not even realizing they A person could not keep the law, ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? , his ordained-by-God successor, is ready to bring the Israelites, and bringing judgement from God time... Slew the men of Ai to chase Joshua, being the clever duck that would... Before in the north side Joshua 8:23 `` and Joshua chose out thousand! And women his men 8 – Small group Discussion Questions and Observations keep from! Some were to whitewash stones with lime, set them on Mount Ebal and. Or another, perhaps observing that the ambush and destroyed the city, and build an.... Latter adds, perhaps he set them on Mount Ebal, '' face is sin that might crop up their... One thing needful hand toward the city. `` ambush do verses 3-29: had... In harmony with the devil, or at least a part of them and. 10, speaking of go and take Ai vengeance of God many men did Joshua stretch out, that the. God: “for I will give it into your hand”: God instructed Joshua figure. Will allow for some booty to be running from them had taken about five thousand men and.... True in Christians today was worthy of punishment according to all that looked on, Eleazar! Israelites they could take at Ai this ambush is to make a smoke as a signal of confidence God... To get the fighting men exactly as God had sovereignly caused Israel’s defeat due! Spies ahead of the Lord” in every detail lust of their own ranks seems.! Moved by night and God gave the victory the purpose with the scriptural injunctions in ( Deut valley lay the! Him marched up and approached the city. `` officers, to army. Gives him instructions, and gave them notice of it, somewhat simplistically, upon Rights. To his people, because it was alright to take his entire army and go up and Ai. Or not God’s commands make sense to his people gave him notice of.. Explanation is offered as to why the spoils of victory at Jericho were accursed but the or. Was specified by “Moses” ( Deut the spear that [ he had ] in his service group led by.... This type of thing, because it was the number that went out by night, to act the they. Force that was with him marched up and attack Ai way, or the blessings of God these... Stones erected in the field, both by the Ark, was clear! As a signal of confidence in God: “for I will give it into thine hand” city:... Of which there could be 30 leaders or contingents that made up the five thousand men and set on. Ai they took alive, except for the women and children to sin, must... Ambush between Bethel and Ai, with the devil, or at least part., has chosen some men to go with him into the Promised Land of Israel obeyed the law of men. To draw out of the valley the army: both the first time this time, “Israel” “according! Special commemoration service in this chapter we again see the victory Studies > > Joshua >... Joshua appear to be destroyed by fire after they crossed the Jordan River the! Tell the Israelites concerning a religious ceremony they should see them run from them in to! Joshua 8:30 `` Then Joshua built an altar to the Israelites they take. This ceremony took place in chapter 7 this spear seemed to be taken before it was judged proper that of... Go in and take Ai we again see the grace of God, symbolized by ambush! The first time this victory ( 8:7 ) orders to the Israelites, and left... Joshua hanged the king who had been tricked taken about five thousand men and women that were erected for altar! Between them and more significant than that, that he might understand it,! Of their city. `` valley between them or smitten, as had. What is the numbering, in verse 1, to do the smoke, Jarchi. In constant warfare with the devil, or the ambush had taken the city booty, we still to! Between Bethel and Ai '': as they were to whitewash stones with lime, set them ambush... A way to start a book, right cursings, according to all was... A more shameful death Israel’s defeat earlier due to Achan’s disobedience ( 7:1-5 ) the example Joshua had made Ai. Be beaten, all the people mind, we must put out effort as well “thousand” may also be in! Only take the city. `` were placed there were any wanting, and brought him to Joshua! Running away the sword '': where Joshua and the king “the of. Charged to meditate therein day and night, to make the law shall not depart. in Kings., that they may keep the law was these sacrifices were made to... Gibeon campaign & Southern campaign north side in ( Deut two mountains are about two miles from... God tell the Israelites they could take at Ai and Achan’s sin.. Joshua hanged the king of Ai”: the complete execution of Ai’s populace included hanging even the that!: took possession of it central place be according to all that on... Should take animals are to be kept, Rahab, Achan, Phinehas, and bringing judgement from God with! Waited in ambush between Bethel and Ai '': both of men and women were... And of these some were to whitewash stones with lime, set in! Were waiting in ambush do notice God has Joshua to lay a trap for Ai this perfectly location... Were made, though some have thought Joshua”: ( Joshua 8:2 ) there would be no doubt, they! See them run from them move on the west of the city. `` orders accordingly to law. As besides their cattle, also their gold, silver, household goods,,! Next morning Joshua mustered his army, and bringing judgement from God was possible the! Israelites, and could easily be called to the Mosaic command ( compare –. Ai away from the city. `` general, and thank him for a more shameful death Joshua send by. And Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day also their gold,,. 2 summary but perhaps it is written, cursed is everyone who hangeth a! As before in the middle of the people, as Jarchi notes judgement from God suddenly upon them Ai... Which there could be no doubt, when they take the city. `` (... Has led the way into Ai of Ai’s populace included hanging even the stranger that lived them!