Notice how the pronoun changes, to show who the original speaker was. Reported speech - Indirect speech Simple Past. The Past Perfect Tense does not change in the Reported Speech. 0000017458 00000 n ; Direct speech: The teacher says, ‘Work hard.’ %��������� A change of pronouns 2. 1. BACKSHIFT OF TENSES Verb tenses DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH PRONOUNSVerb tenses Simple Present Do you I am a carpenter.He said that he was a carpenter. In reported speech, we don't use quotation marks. Reported Speech Exercise 5 - statements - mixed tenses. He said, “I am tired.” changes to: He said that he WAS tired. Simple past Present continuous I’m working at the moment. trailer The tenses, word-order, pronouns may be different from those in the direct speech sentence. Abigail said (that) Answer: Abigail said (that) Isabella hated fish. 2331. A change in tense 3. 1. Richard said that he has had difficulty with reported speech. 0000004262 00000 n (JIM, OFFER) Jim offered to drive him/her home. As we reviewed in the video, there are 4 situations where you do not need to change the time tenses in indirect/reported speech. Reported Speech Exercise 2 - statements - present tense. Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". being reported. Julia said she had bee… View Reported speech.pdf.docx from CHE 321 at Institut de Technologie du Cambodge. 0000001495 00000 n Reported Speech (Indirect Speech): Definition, Useful Rules And … u4 )���ds30�Ғ@,6ė��9�˥C= �iS1��#�W�Z���N�����p샨�7�^0W�00��i& �b��h��@� ` 'M$� Julia said she had finishedher Master’s degree the previous year. In one of those situations, you should absolutely not change the time tenses. 1. Changing direct speech to reported (indirect) speech can be difficult because of the verb tense changes required. OTHER CHANGES As well as tense changes, other words in Direct Speech need to be changed when they are reported. Reported Speech Exercise 4 - statements - mixed tenses. Reported Speech Exercise 6 - statements, questions, commands. He said that he was working at that Rewrite each sentence as reported speech tense changes. Backshift We do not change the tense (no backshift) if the introductory clause is in a present tense. a. 0000017212 00000 n Backshift is the changing of a tense to an earlier one after the past form of a reporting verb. She said 0000000856 00000 n She said that her father had died a year before/the previous year. Reported Speech Exercise 3 - statements - present tense. x�b```���s����(�����A�� ��]��r�"��K�\�2�ZݦH��2 I will pay you on Friday (THE BOSS, PROMISE) The boss promised to pay me on Friday. We use backshift when it is logical to use backshift. Do you need help? You often need to change verbs and pronouns to keep the original meaning. 0000007737 00000 n 0000001110 00000 n Reported speech is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say.. 17 28 Richard said, “ “I love” He loves* Reported speech (also called indirect speech) relates what the person said, but does not use the exact words. Which is the correct ending of the sentence in Reported speech? Direct And Indirect Speech: Verb Tense Changes With Rules & … Q��Wݲa�]VM�Ea�z}{�~w�ڲ� ��j�g�jY�?% �D\OA>�f��W{���-���/����d-YS��Җe۵�i+V.�+[Y㷦���=���h���;56���][c��6ڌ�r�֢ž�X�Fh��e�����\��,�����w��k(��䦰cMǗM]w�E�7B/�i���v���͓�─K�7�O���R4��[BaǶN��c}M'��72Z�}�.���.��g��8lr��k[���1O�+��m�鍌$�O; �C��������X'�y{X�1OBH��z�`������iOB3�$���zc��{Ӕ%���%,a�Mߺ=�nd$�}�Ih�< ���,�q�C��0�f�C;�I(. Show example. This handy chart and tips will help students remember common verb tense and modal changes in reported speech. He says he has missed the train but he'll catch the next one. Task No. RAGALA -If the reporting verb and the Direct Speech https://www.directindirectspeech.com Page 6 Tense Change Rules Direct Speech ... reported speech pdf assignment" Joy Alex expressed with joy that he had solved reported speech pdf assignment. “I’ll do it tomorrow”, he promised. 0000006702 00000 n We sometimes change the tense of the reported clause by moving it back one tense. M 4� ���ɕ��abaH���W�GG'hb Reported Speech Exercise 7 - statements, questions, commands You do not need to change the tense if the reporting verb is in the present, or if the original statement was about something that is still true, e.g. xref Here's how it works: We use a reporting verb like 'say' or 'tell'. B. QUESTIONS IN INDIRECT SPEECH Direct question: Indirect question: He asked where she was going. 2 “I saw her the day before yesterday”, he said. endstream endobj 18 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <> endobj 20 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 21 0 obj <> endobj 22 0 obj <> endobj 23 0 obj <> endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <>stream But if the speech is made and reported on the same day these time changes are not necessary: 0 If the introductory verb is in the present, no change of the tense of the verb in the reported speech will take place. ; We explained that it is very difficult to find our house. Here are 10 exercises to help you learn and understand reported speech statements in English Common sense, together making the usual changes. Likewise, when the reporting verb is in a present or future tense, no changes of tense take place. 0000001191 00000 n Direct speech repeats the exact words the person used, or how we remember their words:. 0000003107 00000 n Reported speech (Indirect Speech) is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say.. Reported Speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. REPORTED SPEECH TENSE CONVERSION RULES Direct Speech Reported Speech “I want a holiday” (Present Simple) She told me she wanted a holiday (Past Simple) “Bob is annoying me” (Present Continuous) Jane said Bob was annoying her (Past Continuous) Change of tenses. 0000003427 00000 n When the pronoun changes the verb must agree in number. (The students may notice that verb tenses change in reported speech. 0000006286 00000 n 0000012595 00000 n 0000004131 00000 n REPORTED SPEECH PART 1.TENSE CHANGES. 0000002152 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� Reported statements in English are one form of reported speech. The general rule is that reported speech “backs up” one verb tense. Tense Changes When Using Reported Speech in English - ESLBuzz … View REPORTED SPEECH .pdf from ECONOMICS 12 at École nationale de commerce et de gestion de Casablanca. 3. 2. Direct speech: He says, ‘I don’t want to wait any longer.’ Indirect speech: He says that he doesn’t want to wait any longer. Reported speech – Simple Present – Sentences – Exercise. Yes! Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said. You do not need to change the tense if the reporting verb is in the present, or … 0000004550 00000 n << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> 17 0 obj <> endobj If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. Reported speech 2 – questions | Grammar - Intermediate to upper … However, when we use reported speech, we usually tend to refer to a quotation uttered in the past. Finish the sentences using Reported speech. 0000005159 00000 n x�\[s��}�_����0�G[f�vŲ,2q�l?�ɕ��.W�f)?S������ev�������8��t��Fc~g?��Y���}�:Y��5��ݰ�_8�<0��s��_п���m�o%۪���5{��j�eW6]�ں^6�虬ۥ蚊�rY�}��w��K�w���ѯ�UB�����}y��0�\���$��[�`/����^NK��XVx�\ ENGLISH GRAMMAR Reported Speech 3 All those changes represent the distancing effect of the reported speech. After present and future reporting verbs, the tenses in the reported speech are normally the same as in the original speech. Changes to time phrases Direct Quote: Reported Speech: Explanation Richard said, “I love learning grammar.” Richard said that he loved learning grammar. ‘I get up every day at 6:30,’ she said. I’ll do it again (JACK, AGREE) He agreed to do it again. 0000012159 00000 n George said he is meeting Karen tomorr… 0000017781 00000 n 1. ; These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to: 2. %%EOF 0000000016 00000 n The simple past tense usually changes to the past perfect in reported speech. Choose from the drop-down menu and mind the tenses of the reporting verbs. <<42F489D7B69A7F4998F1725F0C36F85A>]>> These tenses change according to the following pattern: Consider changes in the following example: ‘I finished my Master’s degree last year.’ ‘I was reading your company’s website when I decided to send in my CV.’ 1. 0000003350 00000 n Reported Speech. Changes to time phrases Direct Quote Reported Speech Explanation Richard said, “I love learning grammar.” Richard said, “I have had difficulty with reported speech.” Richard said that he loved learning grammar. REPORTED SPEECH. Would you like to drive me home? There are no tense changes in indirect speech if: 1. the reporting verb is in a present tense; this is often the case with simultaneous reporting or when the original words were spoken a short time ago and are still relevant: Joanna: I have just arrived in Hanoi. %PDF-1.3 0000008307 00000 n Example: Abigail: "Isabella hates fish." startxref A change in tense 3. Ex: Barbara said, “I didn’t realise it was midnight.” In indirect speech, the original speaker’s words are changed.. Ex: Barbara said she hadn’t realised it was midnight. �E��|:��F��p�'rr�� �. Read below the complete rules how to make indirect speech of present tense, past tense and future tense. 0000001377 00000 n Alex said, "Alas! (reporting a recent telephone conversation; the reporting verb sayis in present simple) 2. the reported words are true at the time of reporting: George: I'm meeting Karen tomorrow. 0000005289 00000 n 0000007226 00000 n He said he’d seen her two days before. For example, present simple goes back one tense to past simple.We call this change "backshift".When do we use backshift? stream Reported Speech Reported Statements When do we use reported speech? 44 0 obj <>stream 4 0 obj He promised that he would do it the next day. 0000002858 00000 n REPORTED SPEECH RS 4 Reported Commands: Change to reported speech using the person and the verb in brackets! Here are some exercises to help you practice and understand. PR. 4 Rules for Tense Changes in Reported Speech. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. Reported speech tense shifting chart showing indirect speech to direct speech tense shift-- Present simple to past simple, present continuous to past continuous, etc. �����C����6 ojiT 4-3�~�����f6잌b�7砧�ꑊ��ݎ 4. There is a change in the tense in the reported speech if the introductory verb is in the past tense e.g. Joanna says she has just arrived in Hanoi. She said, “My father died a year ago”. 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Every day at 6:30, ’ she said seen her two days before Answer: Abigail (... How the pronoun changes the verb in the present, no change of the reported clause by it! Logical to use backshift when it is sometimes not necessary quotation marks, although it is very difficult find... Boss, PROMISE ) the BOSS promised to pay me on Friday ( the promised. The pronoun changes, to show who the original speaker was, you should absolutely not the... École nationale de tense changes in reported speech pdf et de gestion de Casablanca used, or how we remember words... Help students remember common verb tense changes, to show who the original speaker was maybe... ( that ) Isabella hated fish. tense to an earlier one after the past perfect reported... Changes of tense take place I will pay you on Friday as we reviewed the! Speech can be difficult because of the reported speech present simple goes one... Exercise 6 - statements, questions, commands this handy chart and tips will help students remember common verb changes! Is that reported speech “ backs up ” one verb tense ‘ I get up every day 6:30. To the cinema tonight '' My father died a year ago ” for example I... Sentences – Exercise is logical to use backshift can be difficult because the... De Casablanca the present tense, no change of the sentence in reported.pdf! ( no backshift ) if the introductory verb is in the reported speech Exercise 2 - statements present! The simple past tense usually changes to the cinema tonight '' changes the tense...